Friday, April 27, 2012

What drives Youth of the Sahel

The Arabic word sāḥil ساحل‎ literally means "shore, coast", describing the appearance of the vegetation of the Sahel as a coastline delimiting the sand of the Sahara. Its like a band right across Africa just below the Sahara, so countries in Sahel include Senegal, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, Ethiopia Somalia and a few others. 
The Sahelian kingdoms were a series of monarchies centered in the Sahel, between the 9th and 18th centuries Their wealth of the states came from controlling the Trans-Saharan trade routes across the desert, especially the slave trade with the Islamic world
Colonized  as  part of French West Africa. French West Africa (French AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger. Chad was added in 1900 as part of French Equatorial Africa.

Recent history marred with drought, desertification & Political Rife.

An average Sahel youth  has very close ties to family and relatives, this comes out strongly across all socio-economic groups
Aspirations and ambitions are closely tied to the current socio-economic situation and how to improve one’s living conditions
Main fears and worries resonate around these social settings especially whether the current relatively calm political atmosphere is going to hold to enable personal ambitions to blossom
For the youth who are still in school, their preoccupation is mainly on completing their education and eventually getting a job.
The younger generations are quite positive despite the almost cynical situation in which they live today. They are enterprising, have an open mind and are on the lookout for the slightest chance of success
The atmosphere is rather optimistic and very far from politicians and economists’ alarming speeches. Young people have their own views of life and struggle to live as they can.
The younger generations are quite positive. They believe in hard work and even work on holidays. They are enterprising, have an open mind and are wanting to achieve it themselves and not wait for politicians to deliver it.
They have the ability to laugh in spite of  the hardships  and humour is clearly appreciated given that it ‘uplifts’.
They have the ability to laugh in spite of  the hardships  and humour is clearly appreciated given that it ‘uplifts’.
The cinema of Burkina Faso is an important part of West African and African film industry.
Many of the nation's filmmakers are known internationally and have won international prizes.
No film festival in the world comes close to rivalling the magnificence and ambitious scale of Fespaco – the Festival Panafricain du Cinéma et de la Télévision de Ouagadougou.
Every African country submits work to its selectors, so the films on offer represent a unique snapshot of the contemporary African psyche.
Young People speak about how their community defines what they are, its their identity and hence any personal development needs the validation as well as should lead to betterment of the community.